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Historic Documents
Note:  Embedded in the text are footnotes.  In order to make the original
document easily ditinguishable from annotations, the following is a useful

	Text enclosed in braces {} is text of the original Constitution
		which was modified by one or more Amendments.

	Text which is enclosed by brackets [] is commentary on the
		Constitution, consisting of summaries of each section
		and citations of Amendments in which portions of the
		original document was modified.  All text not set apart
		by brackets is contained in the original.

We, the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union,
establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common
defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to
ourselves and our Posterity do ordain and establish this Constitution for the
United States of America.


	[Legislative powers; in whom vested:]

Section 1.  All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a
Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House
of Representatives.

	[House of Representatives, how and by whom chosen.  Qualifications
	of a Representative.  Representatives and direct taxes, how
	apportioned.  Enumeration.  Vacancies to be filled.  Power of
	choosing officers, and of impeachment.]

Section 2.  The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members
chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the
Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors
of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
	No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained
to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in
which he shall be chosen.
	{Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the
several States which may be included within this Union, according to their
respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number
of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and
excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.}  [See
Amendment XIV, section 2.]  The actual Enumeration shall be made within
three Years after the first Meeting of Congress of the United States, and
within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by
Law direct.  The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every
thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at least one Representative; and
until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be
entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence
Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania
eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South
Carolina five, and Georgia three.
	When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the
Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such
	The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other
Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

	[Senators, how and by whom chosen.  How classified.  Qualifications
	of a Senator.  President of the Senate, his right to vote.  President
	pro tempore, and other officers of the Senate, how chosen.  Power to
	try impeachments.  When President is tried, Chief Justice to preside.

Section 3.  The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators
from each State, {chosen by the Legislature thereof} [See Amendment XVII,
section 1], for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.
	Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the
first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three
Classes.  The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at
the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of
the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year,
so that one third may be chosen every second Year; {and if Vacancies happen
by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any
State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next
Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.} [See
Amendment XVII, section 2.]
	No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the
Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and
who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he
shall be chosen.
	The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the
Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.
	The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President
pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise
the Office of President of the United States.
	The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments.  When
sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation.  When the
President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside:
and no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of
the Members present.
	Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to
removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of
honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted
shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and
Punishment, according to Law.

	[Times, etc., of holding elections, how prescribed.  One session
	each year.]

Section 4.  The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators
and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature
thereof; but the Congress may at any time make or alter such Regulations,
except as to the Places of chusing Senators.
	The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and
such Meeting shall {be on the first Monday in December} [See Amendment XX,
section 2], unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.

	[Membership, quorum, adjournments, rules.  Power to punish or
	expel.  Journal.  Time of adjournments, how limited, etc.]

Section 5.  Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and
Qualifications of its own Members, and a majority of each shall constitute
a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day,
and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such
Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.
	Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its
Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds,
expel a Member.
	Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time
to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment
require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on
any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered
on the Journal.

	Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without
the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any
other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.

	[Compensation, privileges, disqualifications in certain cases.]

Section 6.  The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation
for their Services, to be ascertained, and paid out of the Treasury of the
United States.  They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach
of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the
Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the
same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be
questioned in any other Place.
	No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he
was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the authority of the
United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof
shall have been encreased during such time; and no Person holding any
Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during
his Continuance in Office.

	[House to originate all revenue bills.  Veto. Bill may be
	passed by two thirds of each House, notwithstanding, etc.
	Bill, not returned in ten days, to become a law.  Provisions
	as to orders, concurrent resolutions, etc.]

Section 7.  All Bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of
Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as
on other Bills.
	Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives
and the Senate, shall, before it comes a Law, be presented to the President
of the United States; if he approves he shall sign it, but if not he shall
return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have
originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and
proceed to reconsider it.  If after such reconsideration, two thirds of that
House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the
Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered,
and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law.  But in
all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and Nays,
and the names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered
on the Journal of each House respectively.  If any Bill shall not be returned
by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been
presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed
it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case
it shall not be a Law.
	Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the
Senate and the House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a
question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United
States; and before the Same shall take effect, shall be approved by him,
or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate
and the House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limiation
prescribed in the Case of a Bill.

	[Powers of Congress.]

Section 8.  The Congress shall have Power      To lay and collect Taxes,
Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common
Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts
and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
	To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;
	To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several
States, and with the Indian Tribes;
	To establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws
on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
	To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin,
and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;
	To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities
and common Coin of the United States;
	To establish Post Offices and post Roads;
	To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing
for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their
respective Writings and Discoveries;
	To constitute Tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court;
	To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high
Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations;
	To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make
Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
	To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to
Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
	To provide and maintain a Navy;
	To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and
naval forces;
	To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of
the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;
	To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia,
and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of
the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment
of the Officers, and the authority of training and Militia according to
the discipline prescribed by Congress;
	To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over
such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of
particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of
Government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all
Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which
the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards,
and other needful Buildings; -- And
	To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying
into execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this
Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or
Officer thereof.

	[Provision as to migration or importation of certain persons.
	Habeas corpus, bills of attainder, etc.  Taxes, how apportioned.
	No export duty.  No commercial preference.  Money, how drawn from
	Treasury, etc.  No titular nobility.  Officers not to receive
	presents, etc.]

	The migration or importations of such Persons as any of the States
now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the
Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax
or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for
each Person.
	The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended,
unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require
	No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
	No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in
Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
	No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.
	No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or
Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels
bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay Duties in
	No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of
Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the
Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to
	No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And
no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without
the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or
Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

	[States prohibited from the exercise of certain powers.]

Section 10.  No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or
Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; Coin Money; emit Bills
of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of
Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the
Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.
	No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any
Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely
necessary for executing its inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all
Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for
the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be
subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.
	No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of
Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any
Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage
in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit
of delay.


	[President: his term of office.  Electors of President; number
	and how appointed.  Electors to vote on same day.  Qualification
	of President.  On whom his duties devolve in case of his removal,
	death, etc.  President's compensation.  His oath of office.]

Section 1.  The executive Power shall be invested in a President of the
United States of America.  He shall hold his Office during the Term of four
Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be
elected, as follows
	Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature
thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of
Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the
Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of
Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.
	{The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by
Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of
the same State with themselves.  And they shall make a List of all the
Persons voted for, and of the Numbers of Votes for each; which List they
shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government
of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.  The President
of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and the House of
Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be
counted.  The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the
President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of the Electors
appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an
equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately
chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority,
then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in a like Manner
chuse the President.  But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken
by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for
this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the
States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice.  In
every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest
Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President.  But if there
should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from
them by Ballot the Vice President.} [See Amendment XII.]
	The Congress may determine the Time of Chusing the Electors, and
the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same
throughout the United States.
	No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United
States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible
to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that
Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been
fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.
	In Case of Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death,
Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said
Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by
Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of
the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall act
accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.
	The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a
Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the
Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within
that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.
	Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the
following Oath or Affirmation: -- "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I
will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and
will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution
of the United States."

	[President to be Commander-in-Chief.  He may require opinions
	of cabinet officers, etc., may pardon.  Treaty-making power.
	Nomination of certain officers.  When President may fill vacancies.]

Section 2.  The President shall be the Commander in Chief of the Army and
Navy of the United States, and the Militia of the several States, when called
into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in
writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon
any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall
have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United
States, except in Cases of Impeachment.
	He shall have Power, by and with the Advise and Consent of the
Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur;
and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advise and Consent of the Senate,
shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers, and Consuls, Judges of the
supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments
are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law:
but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as
they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the
Heads of Departments.
	The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may
happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall
expire at the End of the next Session.

	[President shall communicate to Congress.  He may convene and
	adjourn Congress, in case of disagreement, etc. Shall receive
	ambassadors, execute laws, and commission officers.]

Section 3.  He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of
the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures
as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions,
convene both Houses, or either of them, and in the Case of Disagreement
between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn to such
Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public
Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall
Commission all the Officers of the United States.

	[All civil offices forfeited for certain crimes.]

Section 4.  The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the
United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and
Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

			       ARTICLE III.

	[Judicial powers, Tenure.  Compensation.]

Section 1.  The judicial Power of the United States, shall be invested
in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from
time to time ordain and establish.  The Judges, both of the supreme and
inferior courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, as shall,
at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall
not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

	[Judicial power; to what cases it extends.  Original
	Jurisdiction of Supreme Court; appellate jurisdiction.  Trial
	by jury, etc.  Trial, where.]

Section 2.  The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity,
arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties
made, or which shall be made, under their Authority; -- to all Cases affecting
Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; -- to all Cases of admiralty
and maritime Jurisdiction; -- to Controversies between two or more States; --
between a State and Citizens of another State; -- between Citizens of
different States; -- between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under
Grants of different States; -- and between a State, or the Citizens thereof,
and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.
	In all Cases, affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and
Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall
have original Jurisdiction.  In all other Cases before mentioned, the supreme
Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such
Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
	The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be
by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes
shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial
shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.

	[Treason Defined, Proof of, Punishment of.]

Section 3.  Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying
War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and
Comfort.  No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of
two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
	The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason,
but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture
except during the Life of the Person attained.


	[Each State to give credit to the public acts, etc., of every
	other State.]

Section 1.  Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the
public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And
the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts,
Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

	[Privileges of citizens of each State.  Fugitives from justice
	to be delivered up.  Persons held to service having escaped,
	to be delivered up.]

Section 2.  The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges
and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.
	A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime,
who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand
of the executive Authority of the State from with he fled, be delivered up,
to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.
	{No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws
thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or
Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be
delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be
due.} [See Amendment XIII.]

	[Admission of new States.  Power of Congress over territory
	and other property.]

Section 3.  New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union;
but no new States shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any
other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States,
or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States
concerned as well as of the Congress.
	The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful
Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging
to the United States, and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed
as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

	[Republican form of government guaranteed.  Each state to be

Section 4.  The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union
a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against
Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when
the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.


	[Constitution: how amended; proviso.]

	The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it
necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the
Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall
call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be
valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified
by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions
of the three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification
may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which shall be
made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any
Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first
Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of it's
equal Suffrage in the Senate.


	[Certain debts declared valid.  Supremacy of Constitution,
	treaties and laws of the United States.  Oath to support
	Constitution, by whom taken.  No religious test.]

	All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the
Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States
under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.
	This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall
be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made,
under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the
Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the
Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.
	The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members
of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers,
both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath
or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall
ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the
United States.

			       ARTICLE VII.

	[What ratification shall establish Constitution.]

	The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be
sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States
so ratifying the Same.

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the
Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven
hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of America the Twelfth

In witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names,

						G. Washington -- Presidt
						and deputy from Virginia

New Hampshire:	John Langdon		Delaware:	Geo. Read
		Nicholas Gilman				Gunning Bedford jun.
							John Dickinson
Nassachusetts:	Nathaniel Gorham			Richard Bassett
		Rufus King				Jaco. Broom

Connecticut:	Wm Saml Johnson		Maryland:	James McHenry
		Roger Sherman				Dan of St Thos Jenifer
							Danl Carroll
New York:	Alexander Hamilton
					Virginia:	John Blair
New Jersey:	Wil. Livingston				James Madison Jr.
		David A. Brearley
		Wm Paterson		North Carolina:	Wm Blount
		Jona. Dayton				Richd Dobbs Spaight
							Hu Williamson
Pennsylvania:	B Franklin
		Thomas Mifflin		South Carolina:	J. Rutledge
		Robt Morris				Charles Cotesworth
		Geo. Clymer					Pinckney
		Thos FitzSimons				Charles Pinckney
		Jared Ingersoll				Pierce Butler
		James Wilson
		Gouv Morris		Georgia:	William Few
							Abr Baldwin

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